Ventanas adentro y afuera: sobre algunas protagonistas de Montserrat Roig

Maria Àngels Francés Díez

Abstract

Critics have pointed out Montserrat Roig’s tendency to excavate, through layers of silence, concealed stories that have never been written. Deeply attached to the city of Barcelona, she depicts female characters that also feel strongly attracted to the city, with which they have a conflictive relationship —conflictive because, for them, it is forbidden. This paper analyzes the ways in which the three generations of women in Ramona, adéu (1972) perceive and respond to the space they inhabit. In particular, it focuses on their gradual process of identification with the streets of the city, which gets more vivid when the novel centers on the youngest one. Mundeta Jover, at the beginnings of the 20th century, lives confined in her flat at the Eixample, and exerts her particular way of subversion —the only one she is allowed— through her diary; Mundeta Ventura walks across Barcelona during the war but she is defeated, too, by Franco’s repressive morality. It is not until the sixties and seventies, when the Spanish society starts its way towards democracy and new moral values, that we find in Mundeta Claret what Deborah Parsons calls an alternative, albeit precarious, version of Baudelaire’s flâneur. I will argue that Mundeta’s rebellion, no matter how painful it may be, breaks the genealogical circle of the novel that confines women to their homes, and represents the first step in the process of emancipation that other female characters will complete in Roig’s later novels.

Keywords

Gender; Private and public space; Flâneuse; Roig, Montserrat; Ramona, adéu

References

BROCH, Àlex: Literatura catalana dels anys setanta, Barcelona, Edicions 62, 1980.

BROCH, Àlex: «Maria Aurèlia Capmany i Montserrat Roig o el temps com a memòria col·lectiva», Catalan Review, VII:2 (1993), p. 21-37.

COLLIN, Françoise: «Espacio doméstico. Espacio público. Vida privada», en Ciudad y mujer. Actas del curso: urbanismo y mujer. Nuevas visiones del espacio público y privado, Málaga–Toledo, 1993-1994, pp. 231-237.

COLOMINA, Beatriz: «Murs dividits: el vouyerisme domèstic», en Beatriz Colomina (ed.): Sexualitat i espai. El disseny de la intimitat, Barcelona, Edicions UPC, 1997, pp. 56-85.

DAVIES, Catherine: Contemporary feminist fiction in Spain. The work of Montserrat Roig and Rosa Montero, Oxford – Providence, Berg Publishers, 1994.

GILBERT, Sandra - Susan GUBAR: The Madwoman int the Attic. The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination, Yale UP, 1979.

GLEBER, Anke: «Female Flânerie and the Symphony of the City», en Katharina von Ankum (ed.): Women in the Metropolis, Berkeley – Los Angeles – London, University of California Press, 1997, pp. 67-88.

ŁUCZAC, Barbara: «L’espai de les memòries en Digues que m’estimes encara que sigui mentida de Montserrat Roig», en Joaquim Espinós i altres– Anna Esteve – M. Àngels Francés – Antoni Maestre – Juli Martínez (eds.): Memòria i literatura. La construcció del subjecte femení. Periodisme i autobiografia, Alacant – València, Denes, 2002, pp. 115-124.

PARKHURST FERGUSON, Priscilla: «The flâneur on and off the streets of Paris», en Keith Tester (ed.): The Flâneur, London and New York, Routledge, 1994, pp. 22-42.

PARSONS, Deborah: Streetwalking the Metropolis. Women, City and Modernity, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000.

POLLOCK, Griselda: «Modernity and the Spaces of Femininity», en Vision and Difference: Femininity, Feminism and the Histories of Art, Londres, Rouledge, 1988, pp. 50-90.

ROIG, Montserrat: «Una de les innombrables passejades que la Mundeta Claret féu, quan era jove, per Barcelona», en Molta roba i poc sabó... i tan neta que la volen, Barcelona, Edicions 62, 1978 (1970), pp. 99-106.

ROIG, Montserrat: Ramona, adéu, Barcelona, Edicions 62, 1976 (1972).

ROIG, Montserrat: Digues que m’estimes encara que sigui metida, Barcelona, Edicions 62, 1991.

TESTER, Keith: «Introduction» a Keith Tester (ed.): The Flâneur, London and New York, Routledge, 1994, pp. 1-21.

VARDERI, Alejandro: «Montserrat Roig: ulls enlaire! Mirades de dona vers la ‘Rosa de Foc’», Catalan Review, VII:2 (1993), pp. 189-198.

WIGLEY, Mark: «Sense títol: l’allotjament del gènere», en Beatriz Colomina (ed.): Sexualitat i espai. El disseny de la intimitat, Barcelona, Edicions UPC, 1997, pp. 208-242.

WOLFF, Janet: «The Invisible Flâneuse. Women and the Literature of Modernity», en Feminine Sentences. Essays on Women and Culture, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1990, pp. 34-50.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2005.5.07





Copyright (c) 2005 Maria Àngels Francés Díez

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.