Estereotipos sobre matemáticas y mujeres: diferencias por sexo en la ansiedad matemática de estudiantes de comunicación



Palabras clave:

periodismo de datos, datos abiertos, educomunicación, educación matemática, ansiedad, alfabetización digital


La ciudadanía se ve obligada a comprender una realidad cada vez más informatizada para poder tomar decisiones. Sin embargo, nuestra capacidad para captar esa complejidad, especialmente cuando se trata de datos en forma de números, se ve afectada por factores limitantes como la ansiedad matemática. En el caso de las mujeres, la forma en que se enfrentan a la lectura de contenidos basados en datos o números afecta su vida cotidiana, incluida la elección de carrera. Al desempeñar un papel central de mediación en la transmisión de una información cada vez más datificada, el periodismo es un interesante objeto de investigación. Este estudio examina la noción de que al alumnado de periodismo –especialmente a las estudiantes– «se les dan mal los números» a través de la medición de la ansiedad matemática de 185 estudiantes de Comunicación y la detección de correlaciones con su competencia matemática. Los resultados muestran que el alumnado manifiesta una baja competencia matemática, emparejada con una ansiedad matemática alta. En concreto, solo estudiantes con valores medios-bajos de ansiedad matemática superan la prueba de competencia. Sin embargo, no se encontraron diferencias en desempeño entre hombres y mujeres, aunque estas enfrentan un nivel de ansiedad ligeramente más alto. Aunque las diferencias en ansiedad matemática encontradas en este estudio no son estadísticamente significativas, investigar si esto también ocurre en otros campos sigue siendo relevante, ya que estos resultados desafían los malentendidos y estereotipos sobre las capacidades de las mujeres.


This article has been generated as part of the ARES research program (Analyzing Antifeminist Resistances), supported by the Spanish State Agency of Research (PID2020-114445RB-I00).


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Cómo citar

Berasategi Zeberio, M. (2023). Estereotipos sobre matemáticas y mujeres: diferencias por sexo en la ansiedad matemática de estudiantes de comunicación. Feminismo/s, (42), 221–245.



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