Feminismo/s

La primigenia arquetípica y mítica anciana/bruja en las representaciones de Toni Morrison sobre la mujer mayor

Manuela López-Ramírez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2022.40.05

Resumen

Las representaciones de Morrison sobre la mujer vieja resuenan con imágenes de la sabia y mítica Anciana, una imagen universal grabada en nuestra conciencia. En las sociedades pre-patriarcales, las Ancianas estaban asociadas tanto a la vida como a la muerte. El advenimiento del patriarcado cambió la forma en que se percibía a las ancianas, y sus roles sociales. Fueron demonizadas, su poder arrebatado, y consideradas inútiles e invisibles. Sin embargo, las Ancianas de Morrison son fuerzas vitales y una parte activa y valiosa de la comunidad. Morrison revaloriza sus roles domésticos maternales tradicionales, y la maternidad y el hogar se transforman, respectivamente, en acto y lugar transgresores de resistencia y poder. Con sus propiedades espirituales/sobrenaturales/curativas ancestrales, las Ancianas de Morrison son faros morales para sus comunidades. En su obra, Morrison reevalúa y reivindica el arquetipo primordial pre-patriarcal de la Anciana para empoderar y honrar a las mujeres negras ancianas y sus contribuciones a la comunidad negra.

Palabras clave

Anciana; negra; anciana/vieja; maternidad; hogar; comunidad

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2022.40.05





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