Más allá del confinamiento epistemológico: el ethos sentimental de The Turkish Embassy Letters, de Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

Yolanda Caballero Aceituno

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2020.36.02


En el siglo dieciocho el sentimentalismo emergió como un movimiento ideológico y artístico que subrayó el valor de una episteme alternativa que desafió el culto a la razón. La narrativa epistolar de The Turkish Embassy Letters (1763), de Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, está permeada por una retórica sentimental orientada a materializar un ethos basado en la apertura, la simbiosis cultural y la expansión epistemológica que contribuyó a desestabilizar las narrativas patriarcales anglocéntricas. Siguiendo a Yuri M. Lotman, desde su fructífera posición mediadora entre dos «semiosferas» culturales diferentes (la Oriental y la Occidental), Montagu se configuró como una escritora de frontera que convirtió su viaje físico en un vehículo para literaturizar una cosmovisión vitalista que le permitió transcender limitaciones epistemológicas y emocionales. La ideología de su narrativa epistolar se codificó, de manera efectiva, a través de motivos, tropos e ideas sentimentales que generaron una textualidad única cuya anatomía se analiza en este artículo.

Palabras clave

Ethos sentimental; Retórica sentimental; Escritura de viajes; Felicidad; Episteme alternativa; Narrativa de empoderamiento; Cosmovisión feminista


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2020.36.02

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