Feminismo/s

¿Cocinas profesionales con conciencia climática? Analizando el sector alimentario escocés a través de una lente feminista

Adele Wylie

Resumen

Este artículo examina la relación entre la representación de políticas públicas en mitigación climática, políticas comerciales y alimentarias, y la implementación de prácticas sostenibles en cocinas profesionales. La industria de hostelería es una gran consumidora de recursos naturales, ya que muchas prácticas en toda la cadena de suministro son intensivas en carbono. Siguiendo el marco analítico de Carol Bacchi «What is the problem represented to be?», este artículo examina hasta qué punto la representación política de la sostenibilidad y la gobernanza alimentaria influyen en las prácticas cotidianas en las cocinas profesionales de Escocia, a partir de un estudio realizado en 2019. Este trabajo revela que el cambio climático y las políticas comerciales y alimentarias promueven la idea de que la sostenibilidad se logrará junto con el crecimiento económico, sin considerar las complejidades de las desigualdades sociales. Las políticas pasan por alto significativamente la responsabilidad del sector privado de transformarse alejándose de prácticas insostenibles, mientras que los enfoques potenciales para mejorar la sostenibilidad social y ambiental quedan oscurecidos. El artículo concluye reclamando políticas para integrar las cuestiones de justicia social en la representación del problema para producir resultados más transformadores y socialmente equitativos.

Palabras clave

Cambio climático; Sostenibilidad; Cocinas profesionales; Política; Género

Referencias

Aavik, Kadri. «The animal advocacy movement in the Baltic states: Links to other social justice issues and possibilities for intersectional activism». Journal of Baltic Studies 49.4 (2018): 509-527. https://doi.org/10.1080/01629778.2018.1473263

Acker, Joan. «Hierarchies, jobs, bodies: A theory of gendered organizations». Gender & society 4 (1990): 139-158. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124390004002002

Acker, Joan. «From glass ceiling to inequality regimes.» Sociologie du travail 51 (2009): 199-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soctra.2009.03.004

Allwood, Gill. «Gender mainstreaming and EU climate change policy». In The persistent invisibility of gender in EU policy. Elaine Weiner and Heather MacRae, eds. European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Special issue 1. 18 (2014): 1-26.

Attfield, Robin. Environmental ethics: An overview for the twenty-first century. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2014.

Bacchi, Carol Lee. Women, policy and politics: The construction of policy problems. London: Sage, 1999.

Bacchi, Carol Lee. What’s the Problem Represented to be: An introduction. Flinders University Adelaide. 10 February 2020. <https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:VPCr4ijJw2MJ:scholar.google.com/+What%27s+the+Problem+represented+to+be%3F+an+Introduction+&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5>.

Bacchi, Carol, and Joan Eveline. Mainstreaming politics: Gendering practices and feminist theory. Adelaide: University of Adelaide Press, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1017/UPO9780980672381

Bacchi, Carol, and Susan Goodwin. Poststructural policy analysis: A guide to practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-52546-8

Bagilhole, Barbara. Understanding equal opportunities and diversity: The social differentiations and intersections of inequality. Bristol: Policy Press, 2009. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1t89d53

Brohman, John. Popular development: Rethinking the theory and practice of development. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 1996.

Cooper, Ann. A woman’s place is in the kitchen»: The evolution of women chefs. International Thomson Publishing Services, 1998.

Cretney, Raven, and Sylvia Nissen. «Climate politics ten years from Copenhagen: Activism, emergencies, and possibilities.» Women Talking Politics (2019): 15.

Du Pont, Yann Robiou, M. Louise Jeffery, Johannes Gütschow, Joeri Rogelj, Peter Christoff, and Malte Meinshausen. «Equitable mitigation to achieve the Paris Agreement goals». Nature Climate Change 7. 1 (2017): 38-43. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3186

Food Tourism Scotland. Food Tourism Action Plan, 2019. 29 January 2020. <https://scottishtourismalliance.co.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2019/04/FoodTourismStrategy.pdf>.

Gerson, Kathleen. «Moral dilemmas, moral strategies, and the transformation of gender: Lessons from Two Generations of Work and Family Change». Gender & Society 16. 1 (2002): 8-28. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243202016001002

Giddens, Anthony. «The politics of climate change.» Policy & Politics 43.2 (2015):155-162. https://doi.org/10.1332/030557315X14290856538163

Harris, Deborah, and Patti Giuffre. ««The price you pay»: How female professional chefs negotiate work and family.» Gender Issues 27.1-2 (2010): 27-52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-010-9086-8

Hulme, Mike. Why we disagree about climate change: Understanding controversy, inaction and opportunity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. UK, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511841200

Kendrigan, Mary Lou. Gender differences: Their impact on public policy. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1991.

Kheel, Marti. Nature ethics: An ecofeminist perspective. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Koch, Shelley. Gender and Food: A Critical Look at the Food System. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2019.

Kronsell, Anna. «Gendered practices in institutions of hegemonic masculinity: Reflections from feminist standpoint theory». International Feminist Journal of Politics 7 (2005): 280-298. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616740500065170

Kronsell, Anna. «Methods for studying silences: gender analysis in institutions of hegemonic masculinity». In Feminist methodologies for international relations. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 108-128. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511617690.008

Leach, Melissa. «Earth mother myths and other ecofeminist fables: How a strategic notion rose and fell». Development and change 38.1 (2007): 67-85. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2007.00403.x

Lenton, Timothy M., Johan Rockström, Owen Gaffney, Stefan Rahmstorf, Katherine Richardson, Will Steffen, and Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. «Climate tipping points–too risky to bet against.» Nature.Com (2019): 592-595. 10 February 2020. <https://www.oceanplan-project.com/uploads/1/0/5/5/105562895/2019_lenton_et_al_-_cc_tiping_points.pdf> https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-03595-0

Levy, Barry S., and Jonathan A. Patz. «Climate change, human rights, and social justice.» Annals of global health 81. 3 (2015): 310-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2015.08.008

McPhail, Beverly A. «A feminist policy analysis framework: Through a gendered lens.» The Social Policy Journal 2. 2-3 (2003): 39-61. https://doi.org/10.1300/J185v02n02_04

Meinzen-Dick, Ruth, Chiara Kovarik, and Agnes R. Quisumbing. «Gender and sustainability.» Annual Review of Environment and Resources 39 (2014): 29-55. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-101813-013240

Merchant, Carolyn. «The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution». San Francisco: Harper & Row (1980): 348.

Moore, Jason. «The Rise of Cheap Nature». Sociology Faculty Scholarship. Binghamton University, 2016. 10 February 2020. <https://orb.binghamton.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=sociology_fac>

Morrison, Ann M., Randall P. White, and Ellen Van Velsor. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Can Women Reach The Top Of America’s Largest corporations? New Jersey: Pearson Education, 1987.

Moss, Kanter Rosabeth. «Men and Women of the Corporation, New Edition.» Cambridge (2008): 245-266.

Murray-Gibbons, Robert, and Chris Gibbons. «Occupational stress in the chef profession». International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 19. 1. (2007): 32-42. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596110710724143

Nilsson, Gabriella. «Balls Enough: Manliness and Legitimated Violence in Hell’s Kitchen». Gender, Work & Organization 20.6 (2013): 647-663. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12001

Plumwood, Val. «Gender, eco-feminism and the environment.» In Controversies in environmental sociology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 43-60. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511804434.004

Ripple, William J., Christopher Wolf, Thomas M. Newsome, Phoebe Barnard, and William R. Moomaw. «World scientists’ warning of a climate emergency.» BioScience, 2019. 10 February 2020. Available from <https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/70/1/8/5610806> https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz088

Rose, Jeff, and Adrienne Cachelin. «Critical sustainability: incorporating critical theories into contested sustainabilities». Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 8.4 (2018): 518-525. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13412-018-0502-9

Ruether, Rosemary Radford. New woman, new earth: Sexist ideologies and human liberation. New York: Seabury Press, 1975.

Scottish Business Pledge. The Scottish Government in partnership with businesses, 2019. Accessed on February 12 2020. Available from <https://scottishbusinesspledge.scot/>

Scottish Food Commission Recommendations from the Scottish Food Commission for the implementation of, and content for, the Scottish Good Food Nation Bill. Compiled on behalf of the Scottish Food Commission. Scotland, 2017. 10 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/corporate-report/2019/01/scottish-food-commission-final-report/documents/food-commission-final-report-december-2017/food-commission-final-report-december-2017/govscot%3Adocument/Food%2BCommission%2Bfinal%2Breport%2B%2BDecember%2B2017.pdf>

Scottish Government. Tackling Occupational Segregation in Scotland: a report of activities from the Scottish Government Cross-Directorate Occupational Segregation Working Group, 2008. 12 February 2020. <https://www2.gov.scot/resource/doc/236539/0064855.pdf>

Scottish Government. Climate Change (Scotland) Act, 2009. 2 February 2 2020. <http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Environment/climatechange/scotlandsaction/climatechangeact>

Scottish Government. Recipe for Success –Scotland’s National Food and Drink Policy. The Scottish Government, 2009. 10 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/recipe-success-scotlands-national-food-drinkpolicy/>

Scottish Government. Recipe for Success: Scotland’s National Food &Drink Policy Becoming a Good Food Nation. Discussion Document, Edinburgh, 2014. 10 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/recipe-success-scotlands-national-food-drink-policy-becoming-good-food/>

Scottish Government. Fair Work Convention, 2016. 10 February 2020. <https://www.fairworkconvention.scot/the-fair-work-framework/>

Scottish Government. Climate Change Plan. The Third Report on Proposals and Policies 2018-2032, 2018. 10 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-governments-climate-change-plan-third-report-proposals-policies-2018-9781788516488/>

Scottish Government. Good Food Nation – Programme of Measures, 2018. 13 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/good-food-nation-programmeof-measures/pages/4/>

Scottish Government. Good Food Nation proposals for legislation: analysis of consultation responses, 2018. 2 February 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/good-food-nation-proposals-legislation-consultation-analysis-report/>

Scottish Government. A fairer Scotland for women: gender pay gap action plan – gov.scot, 2019. 21 January 2020. <https://www.gov.scot/publications/fairer-scotland-women-gender-pay-gap-action-plan/>

Scottish Government. Working on women and work. Close the Gap. 29 January 2020. <https://www.closethegap.org.uk/>

Scottish Tourism Alliance. Food Tourism Action Plan, 2019. 13 February 2020. <https://scottishtourismalliance.co.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2019/04/FoodTourismStrategy.pdf>

SEPA. Waste (Scotland) Regulations 2012 – Guidance for Restaurants & Bars. 29 January 2020. <https://www.sepa.org.uk/media/40256/zerowaste_guidance_restaurants-bars.pdf>

Steinberg, Ronnie J. «Gender on the agenda: male advantage in organizations». Contemporary Sociology. (1992): 576-581. https://doi.org/10.2307/2075532

Thomson, Emily. «Do ends justify means? Feminist economics perspectives on the business case for gender equality in the UK labour market». e-cadernos ces 5 (2009). 29 January 2020. <https://journals.openedition.org/eces/298> https://doi.org/10.4000/eces.298

Thomson, Emily, and Naveed Hakeem. «Gender equality pays: the economic case for addressing women’s labour market inequality». Glasgow Caledonian University Online, 2016. 21 January 2020. <https://researchonline.gcu.ac.uk/en/publications/gender-equality-pays-the-economic-casefor-addressing-womens-l>

UN General Assembly. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1994. 5 February 2020. <https://legal.un.org/avl/ha/ccc/ccc.html>

Weaver, Miles, Steven Paxton, Hock Tan, and Kenny Crossan. «Cultivating responsible business in Scotland through the lens of the Scottish business pledge». Edinburgh Napier University, 2016. 5 February 2020. <https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Miles_Weaver/publication/298354369_Cultivating_Responsible_Business_in_Scotland_through_the_lens_of_the_Scottish_Business_Pledge/link/56e8a4a508ae166360e526c8/Cultivating-Responsible-Business-in-Scotland-through-the-lens-of-the-Scottish-Business-Pledge.pdf>




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2020.35.04





Copyright (c) 2020 Adele Wylie

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.