Feminismo/s

Female Job Stress and Work Family and Equal Policies in Spain

Consuelo León Llorente

Abstract

This article includes the legal, demographic and labour workforce in the context within a period of economic growth in Spain (2003-2007) which, however, turned out to be a missed opportunity as regards to the effective implementation of work-family and equal policies. In this period, the Spanish woman increases her rate of activity in the labour market in a greater proportion to the rest of the European labor workforce as women’s work. However Hispanic culture of long working hours and poor corporate leadership, proved to be a powerful break before two deep draft standards: the Law for reconciling work and family life (of November 5, 39/1999) and Organic Law for the effective equality of women and men (of March 22, LOIEMH, 3/2007). Several public health surveys and a study from a sample of 4,700 Spanish companies, among them are 38 companies in the media and advertising sectors, show a new aspect of the traditional gender gap between men and women: salary, promotion, representation in management positions. This article discusses the different uses of time, women’s dual role and the effects on the correlations between stress and fertility, labour market and social sustainability.

Keywords

Work-family balance; Work schedules; Gender equality

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2016.27.13





Copyright (c) 2016 Consuelo León Llorente

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