Arranged Marriages and Interracial Love Relationships in Women’s Cinema of the South Asian Diaspora

Jorge Diego Sánchez

Abstract

Gurinder Chadha and Mira Nair’s films define diaspora as a diaspora space where women are portrayed as change agents. This paper explores how Chadha and Nair provide a different representation and possibilities for South Asian women in the diáspora in the description of arranged marriages and interracial love relationships so that they present pioneering female characters that subvert orientalist misconceptions about the South Asian Subcontinent and South Asian women. By so doing, this essay confirms how Chadha and Nair’s selected films propose new postcolonial models that promote the construction of new roles for female characters in cinema that challenge the racial and gender inequality suffered by women in the United Kingdom, the United States of America and the South Asian Subcontinent.

Keywords

South Asian diaspora; Arranged marriage; Interracial love relationships; Cinema

References

Ahmed, Sarah. On Being Included: Racism and Diversity in Institutional Life. Durham (NC, USA): Duke Press, 2012.

Ahmed, Sarah. Willful Subjects. Durham (NC, USA): Duke Press, 2014.

Ali, Monica. Brick Lane. London: Harper Collins, 2002.

Ali, Nasreen, Virinder S. Kalra and Siddiq Sayyd. A Postcolonial People. South Asians in Britain. London: Hurst & Company, 2004.

Ashcroft, Bill, Garreth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin (Eds.). Post Colonial Studies. The Key Concepts. London: Routledge, 2000.

Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994.

Bhati, Sunil. American Karma: Race, Culture, and Identity in the Indian Diaspora. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Brah, Avtar. Cartographies of Diaspora. Contesting Identities. New York & London: Routledge, 1996.

Brown, Judith M. Global South Asians. Introducing the Modern Diaspora. London: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Chadha, Gurinder. «A Self Interview with Gurinder Chadha». The Guardian, 16 July 2006. <https://www.theguardian.com/film/2006/jul/16/features. review1>, visited 12/01/2016.

Clifford, James. «Travelling Cultures». Cultural Studies. Eds. Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson and Paula Treichler. New York: Routledge, 1992, 68-84.

Cohen, Robin. Global Diasporas: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 1997.

Diego Sánchez, Jorge. «Hybrid Cinemas and Narratives: Gender Representations in Women’s Cinema of the South Asian Diaspora». Universidad de Salamanca, 2015. <http://gredos.usal.es/jspui/handle/10366/128136>, visited 8/01/2016.

Diego Sánchez, Jorge. Hybrid Cinemas and Gender Representation in the South Asian Diaspora: The Films of Gurinder Chadha and Mira Nair (MPhil Thesis). Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca, 2010.

Gilroy, Paul. Between Camps: Nations, Cultures and the Allure of Race. London: Allen Lane, 2000.

Gopal, Sangita. Conjugations: marriage and Form in New Bollywood Cinema. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Hooks, Bell. Ain’t I a Woman. Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press, 1981.

Hooks, Bell and Anuradha Dingaway. «Mississippi Masala». MM Z Magazine (July August) (1992): 41-43.

Hyde, Lewis. The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. London: Vintage, 1999.

Irigaray, Luce. «Women on the Market». The Logic of the Gift: Toward an Ethic of Generosity. Ed. Alan D. Schrift. New York: Routledge, 1999, 174-189.

Kapur, Manju. Difficult Daughters. New York: Faber & Faber, 1999.

Kumar Sahoo, Ajaya and Gabriel Sheffer. Diaspora and Identity in South Asian Diaspora. London: Routledge, 2015.

Lewis, Reina. Gendering Orientalism: Race, Feminity and Representation. London: Routledge, 1996.

Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. New York & London: Routledge, 1996.

Moorti, Sujata. «Desperately Seeking an Identity. Diasporic Cinema and the Articulation of Transnational Kinship». International Journal of Cultural Studies 6.3 (2003): 355-376.

Nair, Mira. «Mira Nair: National Arts and Humanities Medals Keynote». Ceremony for the National Endowment for the Arts, 2011. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2N14y-C-uOY>, visited 22/08/2014.

Nuir, John Kenneth. Mercy in Her Eyes. The Films of Mira Nair. New York: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books, 2006.

Raghuram, Parvati and Ajaya Kumar Sahoo. «Thinking ‘Indian Diaspora’ for Our Times». Tracing an Indian Diaspora. Eds. Parvati Raghuram, Ajaya Kumar Sahoo, Brij Maharai and Dave Sangha. New Delhi: SAGE, 2008, 1-20.

Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.

Shohat, Ella. «Notes on the Postcolonial». Contemporary Postcolonial Theory. A Reader. Ed. Padmini Mongia. London: Arnold, 1996, 322-335.

Singh, Santosh. Passion for Flames. Jaipur: RBSA Publishers, 1989.

Spivak, Gayatri Ch. «Ghostwriting». Diacritics 25.2 (1995): 65-84.

Van der Veer, Peter (ed.). Nation and Migration: The Politics of Space in the South Asian Diaspora. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

Vertoveck, Steven. Transnationalism. London: Routledge, 2009.

Wilson, Amrit. The Hindu Diaspora. Comparative Patterns. London: Routledge, 2000.

Wilson, Amrit. Dreams, Questions, Struggles: South Asian Women in Britain. London: Pluto Books, 2006.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2016.27.05





Copyright (c) 2016 Jorge Diego Sánchez

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.