Feminismo/s

El derecho a la salud de las mujeres en el Anglo-Caribe: violencia del compañero íntimo, aborto y el Estado

Fauhn Minvielle, Isabel Goicolea

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2011.18.05

Resumen

La salud sexual y reproductiva de las mujeres es un tema clave de salud pública, sin embargo en la región del Caribe son escasas las publicaciones que exploran este tema desde un enfoque de derechos. En este artículo utilizamos el Instrumento de Health Rights of Women Assessment Instrument [Evaluación de Derecho a la Salud de las Mujeres] para analizar los planes estratégicos de salud de tres países del Caribe anglófono. Utilizando el género como eje transversal, realizamos un análisis comparativo de estos planes, poniendo énfasis en tres aspectos: la violencia de compañero íntimo, el aborto seguro y los compromisos estatales. Los resultados revelan que los tres países han tomado medidas importantes contra la violencia de compañero íntimo y para mejorar el acceso a aborto seguro; sin embargo la implementación efectiva de estas medidas queda amenazada por el enfoque ambiguo que los estados adoptan en estos temas, por factores socio-culturales, así como por limitaciones presupuestarias y de infraestructura. Los mecanismos de veeduría son escasos e infrautilizados, y queda mucho por hacer para que los gobiernos de estos tres países demuestren un compromiso real con los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de las mujeres.

Palabras clave

Género; Caribe anglófono; Aborto; Violencia de compañero íntimo; Derechos sexuales y reproductivos; HeRWAI

Referencias

Alméras, D., Bravo, R., Milosavljevic, V., Montaño, S. and Nieves, R. M. «Violence against women in couples: Latin America and the Caribbean. A proposal for measuring its incidence and trends». Mujer y desarrollo, (2004).

Arscott-Mills S. «Intimate partner violence in Jamaica: A descriptive study of women who access the services of the Women’s Crisis Centre in Kingston». Violence against Women 7 (2001), pp. 1284-1302.

Bakker. S., Plagman, H. Health rights of women assessment instrument. Utrecht, Aim for Human Rights, 2006.

Braveman, P., Gruskin, S. «Poverty, equity, human rights and health». Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81 (2003), pp. 539-545.

Braveman, P. «Social conditions, health equity, and human rights». Health and Human Rights 12 (2010), pp. 31-48.

Campbell, J.C. «Health consequences of intimate partner violence». Lancet 359 (2002), 1331-6.

Chapman, A.R. «Globalization, human rights, and the social determinants of health». Bioethics 23 (2009), pp. 97-111.

Connell, R.W. Gender. Cambridge, Polity Press, 2002.

ECLAC. An evaluative study of the implementation of domestic violence legislation: Antigua and Barbuda, St Kitts/Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2001).

Farmer, P. «Challenging orthodoxies: The road ahead for health and human rights». Health and Human Rights 10 (2008), pp. 5-19.

Fenrich, J., Contesse, J. «It’s not OK»: New Zealand’s efforts to eliminate violence against women. New York City, Fordham Law School, 2009.

Fenstermaker. S., West, C. Doing gender, doing difference: Inequality power and institutional change. New York, Routledge, 2002.

Garcia-Moreno, C., Jansen, H.A.F.M., Ellsberg, M., Heise, L. and Watts, CH. «Prevalence of intimate partner violence: findings from the WHO multicountry study on women’s health and domestic violence». Lancet 368 (2006), pp. 1260-69.

Glasier. A., Gülmezoglu, A.M., Schmid, G.P., Garcia Moreno, C. and Van Look, P.F.A. «Sexual and reproductive health: a matter of life and death». Lancet 368 (2006), pp. 1595-1607.

Goicolea, I. Adolescent pregnancies in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador: a rights and gender approach to girls’ sexual and reproductive health [dissertation]. Umeå, Umeå University, 2009.

Hunt, P., Backman, G. «Health systems and the right to the highest attainable standard of health». Health and Human Rights 10 (2008), 81-92.

Jewkes, R. «Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention». Lancet 359 (2002), pp. 1423-9.

Klima, C.S., «Unintended pregnancy. Consequences and solutions for a worldwide problem>>. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 43 (1998), pp. 483-491.

Leary, V.A. «The right to health in international human rights law». Health and Human Rights 1 (1994), pp. 24-56.

Lincoln, Y., Guba, E. Naturalistic inquiry. New York, Sage, 1985.

London, L. «What is a human rights approach to health and does it matter?» Health and Human Rights 10 (2008), pp. 65-80.

Mundigo, A.I. «Determinants of unsafe induced abortion in developing countries», in I.K Warriner and I.H.Shah (Ed): Preventing unsafe abortion and its consequences: Priorities for research and action. New York, Guttmacher Institute, 2006, pp. 52–54.

Nunes, F, E., Delph, Y.M. «Making Abortion Law Reform Happen in Guyana: A Success Story». Reproductive Health Matters 3 (1995), pp. 12-23.

Otto, D. «Linking health and human rights: A critical legal perspective». Health and Human Rights 1 (1995), pp. 272-281.

Pheterson, G., Azize, Y. «Abortion practice in the northeast Caribbean: ‘Just write down stomach pain».’ Reproductive Health Matters 13 (2005), pp. 44-53.

Quamina-Aiyejina, L., Brathwaite, J.A. Gender-based violence in the Commonwealth Caribbean: An annotated bibliography. Centre for Gender and Development Studies, UWI, Mona & UNIFEM Caribbean Office 2005.

Singh, S., Wulf, D., Hussain, R., Bankole, A. and Sedgh, G. Abortion worldwide a decade of uneven progress. New York, Guttmacher Institute, 2009.

Saltzman, L.E., Fanslow, J.L., Mcmahon, P.M. And Shelley, G.A. Intimate partner violence surveillance: uniform definitions and recommended data elements version 1.0. Center for Disease Control, 1999

UN. Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. New York, United Nations, 1979.

UN. International Conference on population and development. Cairo, United Nations, 1994.

Zaid, R. Gender reform action plan: A breakthrough for Pakistani women? A policy research using Health Rights of Women Assessment Instrument (HeRWAI) [dissertation]. Washington, University of Washington, 2007.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2011.18.05





Copyright (c) 2011 Fauhn Minvielle, Isabel Goicolea

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.