Contando la historia en femenino: una visión general de los estudios subalternos

Antonia Navarro Tejero

Resumen

Este estudio pretende hacer un recorrido crítico por las teorías sobre historiografía, y en especial las disciplinas que favorecieron la aparición de los Subaltern Studies, como fueron los estudios post-estructuralistas de izquierda hasta los estudios feministas contemporáneos en el contexto del subcontinente indio. Un claro ejemplo de los códigos compartidos por la ‘historia oficial’ dominantes del imperialismo británico y el patriarcado indio es el caso de Bhuvaneswari Bhaduri, una mujer que luchó por la independencia de la India y que se suicidó mientras menstruaba para evitar que su muerte se interpretara como fruto de una pasión ilegítima. Sin embargo, la historia recordó su trágica muerte como consecuencia de un amor ilícito. Además, prestaremos atención a las continuas acusaciones a estas teorías por la ausencia de las implicaciones de género y la falta de compromiso con la teoría y crítica feminista. Finalmente, discutiremos cuestiones de género en la subalternity’ (si la cuestión de género se enmarca bajo la categoría de casta y clase o si el género marca un grupo social aparte de otros subalternos), el silencio, la subjetividad, y el neocolonialismo.

Palabras clave

Género; Estudios subalternos; Historia; Poscolonial; Patriarcado; India

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2004.4.06





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